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Expatriate Forums in Senegal -> Senegal Education, Family & Parenthood in Senegal -> HEALTHCARE IN SENEGAL / SENEGAL HOSPITAL GUIDE
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Joined: 23 Feb 2007
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PostPosted: Tue Mar 06, 2007 4:34 am    Post subject: HEALTHCARE IN SENEGAL / SENEGAL HOSPITAL GUIDE Reply with quote

HEALTHCARE IN SENEGAL

GENERAL

With little natural resources and a per capita income of $500 per year, Senegal is one of the poorest countries in the world. It sits just 18th from the bottom of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) scale, which ranks countries according to life expectancy, education levels, and standard of living. Even so, Senegal could be considered a success story compared to many of its West African neighbours with a rapidly growing tourist industry and extremely low HIV/AIDS rate at slightly over 1 percent. It also has an organised health system that is relatively well supplied with essential medicines and in a position to provide health to even the most remote areas through a network of staffed health posts, health centres and hospitals.

Senegal's progress in addressing health issues despite its development status to a great extent results from the government's commitment to keeping health a priority and to a forward-thinking medical community that has responded quickly to health issues like the outbreak of HIV/AIDS. In addition, the country has established a medical training program that includes peer to peer mentoring, is looking at ways to address the chronic "brain drain" taking place, and has committed to providing anti-retrovirals to the over 27,000 Senegalese living with HIV/AIDS.

Despite clear improvements in the past decade, Senegal remains an unsafe place to be under the age of 5 or a pregnant woman with delivery complications. Nearly one in 160 women in rural Senegal die in childbirth. Nearly one child in seven dies before the age of five and one in four suffers from chronic malnutrition, malaria and upper respiratory infections.

USAID is providing financial assistance to several Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) that are collaborating with the Ministry of Health to support initiatives designed to strengthen the healthcare system though training and the provision of critically-needed supplies.

One of those NGOs is Basics II. Its work to improve the diagnosis and treatment of childhood illnesses illustrates the complimentary relationship between the Ministry of Health and partner NGOs. Basics II is training health providers to recognise and treat early warning signs for health conditions like dehydration in children, as well as providing education at the community level, where the diarrhea that causes dehydration starts, and by talking to parents about how to prevent diarrhea through simple measures like ensuring their children are drinking clean water and washing their hands after using the restroom. In addition, Basics II is increasing access to immunisations throughout the country; promoting exclusive breastfeeding to prevent malnutrition; and ensuring that all health facilities have a baby weighing program, as weight is an important indicator of a child's health.

Another example of NGO action tailored to support Ministry of Health measures is a project of Management Science for Health (MSH) to improve emergency obstetric care. Throughout Senegal, woman and infants often die because health centres are not properly equipped with lifesaving medical equipment and staff have not had adequate training in emergency delivery skills. MSH is working to reduce the number of maternal and infant deaths by providing emergency obstetric equipment as well as training for health providers. Topics include how to resuscitate a newborn, recognising the early warning signs of women needing a cesarean section and what to do when a woman begins hemorrhaging during delivery.

Unfortunately, many of the health facilities supported by the efforts of MSH and Basics II are still lacking the supplies and equipment needed to allow these trained health practitioners to implement their new skills.

As of 1999, there were an estimated 0.1 physicians and 0.4 hospital beds per 1,000 people. As of 2000, 78% of the total population had access to safe drinking water and 70% had adequate sanitation. As of 1999, total healthcare expenditure was estimated at 4.5% of GDP.

DIRECTORY OF HOSPITALS & CLINICS

Centre Medico-Social des Fonctionnaires
Rue Moussé Diop,
Dakar
Tel: +221 821 5304 / 0260

Centre National D’Appareillage
Rue des Ambassades,
Dakar
Tel: +221 814 0523

Clinique Casahous
5 Rue de Thiong,
Dakar
Tel: +221 821 3030

Clinique Pasteur
Avenue Carnot,
Dakar
Tel: +221 821 2434
Fax: +221 822 2832

Clinque de la Madelaine
18 Avenue de Jambaars,
Dakar
Tel: +221 821 8074
Fax: +221 821 9471

Hopital Aristide le Dantec
Avenue Pasteur,
Dakar
Tel: +221 822 2420

Hopital de Saint Louis
Boulevard Abdoulaye Mar Diop,
Saint Louis
Tél: +221 938 2400
Fax: +221 961 1023
Email: hopsl@sentoo.sn
Website: www.hopstlouis.com

Hopital Principal de Dakar
Avenue Nelson Mandela,
Dakar
Tel: +221 839 5050
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